The Causal Factors Associated with the Loving Care of the Mothers of Children with Multiple Disabilities

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Sociology, Yazd University, Yazd Iran; and Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

2 Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

3 Department General of Fars Province Education, Shiraz, Iran;

4 School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background: Families with disabled children need more psycho-social considerations. Motherhood care of the children with multiple disabilities is difficult. Due to its importance, the aim of this study was to investigate the causal factors affecting loving care of mothers of children with multiple disabilities.Methods: The study used a cross-sectional method in which 75 mothers of exceptional children with multiple disabilities (physical and mental) in elementary schools in Shiraz, Iran. The data were collected through questionnaires which, besides demographical factors, evaluated the relationship between mothers’ loving care of children with multiple disabilities and four other variables including purpose in life, life satisfaction, religious attitude, and sense of coherence. Mann-Whitney U was used for comparison between mothers’ loving care and other variables.Results: Results revealed that demographic variables did not have a significant relationship with loving care. In the case of social variables, there was a significant relationship between mothers’ loving care and purpose in life (P<0.001), religious attitude (P<0.001), and life satisfaction (P=0.01).Conclusion: Motherhood care of disabled children is a unique phenomenon which is due to attachment of mother-child situation. Nevertheless, these mothers are vulnerable and marginalized people who need more attention and social supports provided by related governmental institutions and also NGOs actors. 

Keywords