The Effect of Pender’s Health Promotion Model in Improving the Nutritional Behavior of Overweight and Obese Women

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, Department of Community Health Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

2 Department of Community Health Nursing, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

3 Modeling of Noncommunicable Disease Research Center, School of Public Heath, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

Abstract

Background: Changes in lifestyle and eating habits have put women at risk of obesity and overweight more than ever. This aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Pender’s Health Promotion Model (HPM) to improve the nutritional behavior of overweight and obese women admitted to Fatemiyeh Hospital clinics in Hamadan, west Iran in 2015. Methods: n this quasi-experimental study, 108 eligible women were selected and randomly assigned to two groups: one experimental and one control. Data were gathered using three questionnaires: demographics, Pender’s HPM constructs, and nutritional behavior. The questionnaires were filled out by both groups as pre-test and two months later. A Pender’s HPM-based intervention was conducted for the experimental group. The data were analyzed by paired and independent t-tests, ANCOVA, and Spearmans’ correlation coefficient in SPSS/16. The level of significance was considered to be

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