Effect of Health Literacy Education on Self-Care in Pregnant Women: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Document Type: Original article


1 Department of Education and Health Promotion, School of health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Health Promotion Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Department of Biostatistics, School of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Background: Prenatal care reduces the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. The present study aimed to determine the effect of health literacy education on self-care in pregnant women.Methods: The present randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at two comprehensive health service centers in Pakdasht (Tehran province, Iran) during January-June 2016. Out of the ten comprehensive health service centers in the city, two centers were selected using a simple randomized sampling and randomly assigned to a control group and an intervention group. From each center, 40 pregnant women were recruited into the study. Dedicated questionnaires on self-care and health literacy during pregnancy were developed by the author as data collection tool. The validity and reliability of the questionnaires were confirmed using the test-retest reliability method and by the opinion of ten experts, respectively. The questionnaires were completed before the intervention, and at 1 and 2 months after the intervention. The intervention consisted of four 45-minute educational sessions and group counseling. The data were analyzed using the SPSS software (version 16.0) with the independent t test, Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney test, and repeated measures ANOVA. P