The Effects of Multimedia-Based Puberty Health Education on Male Students’ Self-Esteem in the Middle School

Document Type: Original article

Authors

1 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Nursing Care Research Center, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Nursing Care Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Biostatistics, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

Abstract

Background: Adolescents, as a large group of the world population, face many physical and psychological changes in their puberty period. They struggle with adjusting to the intensive changes that can lead to the development of low self-esteem. This study was conducted to determine the effect of multimedia-based puberty health education on male students’ self-esteem in the middle school.Methods: It is a quasi-experimental study by using multi-stage sampling method which was done on 118 boys from two middle schools in Ilam (an Iranian city) from November 2017 to April 2018. Students were divided into two intervention (N=58) and control (N=60) groups. Then, the intervention group students were trained using a multimedia application. Data were gathered using a demographic questionnaire and Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale completed by students in three phases including before, immediately after, and three months after the end of the educational program. The collected data were analyzed using independent t-test, Chi-square, Fisher’s exact test, post hoc test, and repeated measures ANOVA. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 16, and P

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