Document Type: Original Article
Faculty of Nursing, Tokyo Healthcare University, Tokyo, Japan
Department of Nursing, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Fukuoka, Japan;
Women’s Health and Midwifery, Graduate School of Nursing Science, St. Luke’s International University, Tokyo, Japan
Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Graduate School of Health and Welfare Science, International University of Health and Welfare, Fukuoka, Japan
Background: There are various causes of male infertility. Infertile men usually have a low quality of life (QoL) and a high level of stress compared with men without infertility problems. The present study aimed to examine the effects of a spousal support program to enhance the QoL of male patients undergoing infertility treatment.
Methods: The present non-randomized controlled trial was conducted among 38 infertile couples in Tokyo (Japan) during April-August 2018. The study employed a quasi-experimental design (pretest-posttest with comparison) using purposive sampling. The levels of QoL, distress, and spousal support were measured using self-administered valid and reliable questionnaires. The paired t test was used to analyze pre- and post-intervention data with SPSS software (version 23.0). P Results: There were significant differences between the pre-test and post-test scores for the relational and emotional sub-scales of QoL. The paired t test results showed that the post-test emotional sub-scale (66.9±16.9) was significantly higher than the pre-test emotional sub-scale (58.5±13.5; t (30)=2.2, P=0.04). Similarly, the post-test relational sub-scale (71.2±21.6) was significantly higher than its pre-test score (60.8±13.7; t (30)=2.3, P=0.03). The majority of the participants 23 (74.2%) expressed satisfaction with the program.
Conclusion: The spousal support program was well-received and significantly improved part of the QoL of men who were infertile due to various causes.