The Impact of Educational Intervention on the Anxiety of Family Caregivers of the Elderly with Dementia: A Randomized Controlled Tri

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Student Research Committee,Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

2 Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Neurology, school of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran

Abstract

Background: Due to the increasing population of elderly and the consequent increase in the number
of chronic diseases such as dementia, the psychological complications such as anxiety in the family
caregivers increase. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of educational intervention on
the anxiety of family caregivers of the elderly people with dementia.
Methods: This randomized controlled trial was performed in the elderly Neurology Clinics in Shiraz
from May to August 2017. This study was conducted on 70 families with elderly people with dementia
who were randomly divided into an intervention (receiving in groups for seven sessions of educational
intervention) and a control group (Conventional care). Data collection tool was Spielberger’s Anxiety
Inventory (40-items, score=20-80). Data were analyzed by SPSS version 21 using ANOVA test with
repeated measures and independent t-test.
Results: One and three months after the interventions, the mean scores of anxiety in the intervention
group were 70.51±3.78 and 70.31±3.43 and in the control groups they were 76.45±3.45 and 76.22±5.08
respectively. The results showed significant differences between the two groups regarding anxiety
after the intervention (P<0.001).
Conclusion: Educational programs held to promote and maintain the physical and mental health of
caregivers could reduce the anxiety of family caregivers of the elderly with dementia

Keywords


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