The Effect of Acupressure on Fasting Blood Glucose and Glycosylated Hemoglobin Levels in Diabetic Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Document Type: Original Article

Authors

1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

2 Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

3 Department of Physical Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

4 Rehabilitation Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

Abstract

Background: Diabetes is the most common endocrine disorder. Non-pharmacological methods
can be used for treatment of these patients. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of
acupressure point on fasting blood glucose and glycosylated levels of diabetic patients.
Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 102 patients who referred to Motahari Clinic of
Shiraz during May-June in 2018. The participants were selected based on simple random sampling
and divided into three groups via permuted block randomization. The control group only received the
pharmacological treatments. The intervention group received acupressure at ST36 point in addition
to medications. The placebo group also received medications and acupressure at a fake point. The
intervention was carried out for six minutes (three minutes for each lower extremity), three sessions
a week for 12 weeks. Fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin levels were checked in all
patients immediately after the intervention. The data were analyzed using Chi-square, paired t-test, and
ANOVA by the SPSS statistical software, version 21, and p Results: The results showed no significant differences among the three groups’ blood glucose mean
levels before (P=0.89) and after the intervention (P=0.36). However, a significant difference was
observed in the intervention group’s glycosylated hemoglobin mean levels before (8.61±1.96) and after
the intervention (8.1±1.62) (P=0.02).
Conclusion: In sum, the study indicated that acupressure could only be effective in reducing the
glycosylated hemoglobin in the intervention group. Thus, further larger studies are recommended to
evaluate the effectiveness of this technique.

Keywords


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